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Development and Reform Commission United Nations multi-sector joint publication: guidance on the use
2019-04-19 18:35:51
Office of the National Development and Reform Commission Office of the Ministry of Agriculture General Department of the National Energy Administration
Guidance on the construction of straw gasification clean energy utilization project
Development and Reform Office [2017] 2143

Relevant provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Heilongjiang Provincial Agricultural Reclamation Bureau Development and Reform Commission, Agriculture Department (Committee, Office, Bureau), Energy Bureau (office):

In order to implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, vigorously promote ecological civilization construction, rural revitalization strategy and rural energy revolution, carry out straw gasification and clean energy utilization project construction, expand rural clean energy supply channels, and promote the high value of straw comprehensive utilization. Industrialization development, the completion of the "13th Five-Year Plan" straw comprehensive utilization objectives and tasks, put forward the following opinions.

The significance of implementing straw gasification clean energy utilization project
(1) Implementing the straw gasification clean energy utilization project is an important starting point for improving the comprehensive utilization rate of straw. The straw gasification clean energy utilization project uses agricultural and forestry wastes with crop straw as the main raw material, and uses pyrolysis gasification or anaerobic fermentation to produce pyrolysis gas, biogas (heat, electricity), biochar (fertilizer), and marsh. Poly-production projects such as fertilizer or oil. The 2017 “Government Work Report” proposed to accelerate the comprehensive utilization of straw. The “13th Five-Year Plan” comprehensive utilization of straw is an arduous task. By 2020, the comprehensive utilization rate of straw should reach 85%, which is nearly 5 percentage points higher than that in 2015. On the basis of adhering to agricultural priority, straw feed and fertilizer utilization, the implementation of straw gasification and clean energy utilization project can further expand the comprehensive utilization channel and effectively improve the comprehensive utilization rate of straw.
(2) Implementation of straw gasification Clean energy utilization project is an important way for rural clean energy supply. The General Office of the State Council's "Action Plan for Printing and Developing Energy Development (2014-2020)" (Guo Ban Fa [2014] No. 31) proposes to promote the energy production and consumption revolution, implement new towns, new energy, new life action plans, and promote the transformation of rural energy use. At present, the contradiction between supply and demand of rural clean energy is still outstanding. The living energy in rural areas is still dominated by straw, fuelwood and coal, with low combustion efficiency and serious pollution. Promote the utilization of straw gasification and clean energy according to local conditions, improve rural energy infrastructure, optimize rural energy use structure, and improve rural energy use.
(3) Implementing the straw gasification clean energy utilization project is an effective means to solve outstanding environmental problems. In 2016, the Law of the People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution stipulates that it is necessary to develop an agricultural circular economy, increase support for the comprehensive treatment of wastes, and prohibit the burning of substances that cause soot pollution, such as straws and fallen leaves. At present, the phenomenon of illegal burning of straws has been repeatedly banned, and the phenomenon of random abandonment has occurred, resulting in increased environmental pollution in some areas. By promoting the utilization of straw gasification and clean energy, and promoting the industrialization of straw comprehensive utilization, it can effectively reduce the open burning of straw and waste of resources, improve the quality of regional ecological environment, and improve people's livelihood and welfare.

Total Requirements
(1) The overall idea. Fully implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, guided by the five development concepts of “innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing”, aiming at accelerating the comprehensive utilization of straw and improving the rural energy supply system, in order to strengthen policy guidance and promote the county as a starting point, optimize the industrial organization structure, promote the integration of rural production, living and industrial systems, give full play to the leading role of leading enterprises, promote the clean and warm heating in the main grain-cotton production areas and northern areas, and promote the high value of comprehensive utilization of straw. Industrialization development will promote the completion of the national stalk comprehensive utilization target in 2020.
(2) The basic principle
-- Adhere to regional coordination and adapt to local conditions. According to the local straw types and production, the comprehensive utilization and development conditions of straw, social and economic development level, and rural clean energy demand, overall planning and rational layout.
-- Persist in highlighting key points and focusing on construction. Focusing on the ecological civilization pilot zone, the first demonstration zone, the circular economy demonstration city (county), the green energy demonstration county, and the agricultural sustainable development pilot demonstration zone, the centralized construction of the township residents is concentrated, and the whole county is promoted.
-- Adhere to government promotion and market operation. Adhere to the government's support and guidance, take the enterprise as the main body, implement the straw gasification clean energy utilization project, give full play to the role of market allocation resources, form a rural clean energy supply system, build a profit chain, and achieve multi-win.
-- Adhere to technological innovation and strengthen support. Encourage the combination of production, education and research, strengthen technological independent innovation, promote advanced and applicable mature technologies and equipment, and upgrade the level of industrial technology and equipment.
(3) Overall objectives. By 2020, a number of straw gasification and clean energy utilization counties will be built, and the comprehensive utilization rate of straw in the region will be more than 85%, effectively replacing rural loose coal, and supplying cooking and cleaning gas to farmers, township schools, hospitals, nursing homes and other public facilities.

Key task
(1) According to the resource endowment, the scientific planning layout. According to the characteristics of agricultural production and clean energy demand, based on the straw resource endowment and social and economic development level, the straw gasification clean energy utilization project is planned to be implemented in the northern winter heating area and the main grain-producing province (district). A number of counties (districts, municipalities) with large straw production, strong utilization capacity, and good basic conditions are selected as the implementation counties, scientifically formulate construction plans, and rationally plan the project layout, and the gas should be warm, the warmth should be warm, and the scale should be promoted. The construction of straw gasification and clean energy utilization project will build a pattern of “collecting stars into moons”.
(2) Reasonable selection of technical processes to ensure full utilization of terminal products. The straw gasification technology mainly includes straw pyrolysis gasification and straw biogas. The implementation of the county should rationally select the process route according to its actual situation. The biomass gas production and purification equipment can be adapted to the agricultural and forestry wastes with straw as the main raw material. The biomass gas should meet the corresponding standards and meet the heating needs of rural residents. Selecting leading enterprises in the industry with strong comprehensive strength in technology, capital, operation management, etc. as the main body of project implementation, ensuring the feasibility and safety of biomass gas into the technical schemes of farmers, industrial boilers, gas power generation, etc. The tar, wood vinegar, biogas slurry and other by-product resource utilization systems ensure that the end products are fully utilized, avoiding secondary pollution and improving engineering efficiency.
(3) Strictly implement standards to ensure the quality of the project. Strictly fulfill the statutory project construction procedures and relevant standards and norms, standardize bidding behaviors, implement the main responsibility of project construction quality, and effectively strengthen quality supervision throughout the entire process of planning, construction and operation. The preliminary work of the project is solid, and the procedures for filing, planning, land, environmental assessment, security assessment, and fund certification are complete. The collection, storage and transportation of raw materials and products of the project shall meet the requirements of relevant regulations, specifications and regulations. The project must implement the relevant regulations on environmental protection laws, regulations, standards and industries promulgated by the state and local administrative authorities.
(4) Innovating operational mechanisms to promote industrialization. Establish and improve the industrialization development mechanism of government guidance, market entities and multi-participation, attract social capital investment, cultivate a group of operational entities that can be market-oriented, improve the standardization and standardization of straw gasification and clean energy utilization project construction, and improve the market. A long-term mechanism and policy support system that is oriented to the direction, strengthen the straw gasification and clean energy utilization industry, and promote the optimization of industrial structure of straw comprehensive utilization, improve quality and efficiency.
(5) Relying on the new business entity and improving the system of receiving, storage and transportation. In view of the current problems of low use of storage, storage and transportation, and low level of equipment for straw use in the field, we will accelerate the cultivation of specialized talents and social service organizations for straw storage, storage and transportation. According to the regional industrial layout and the current situation of straw spatial and temporal distribution, construct a standardized storage site for straw storage, equip with specialized equipment for straw storage, storage and transportation, improve incentive measures, establish and improve a comprehensive coverage service network system within the region, and gradually form commercial straw storage and supply. The ability to provide a strong guarantee for the straw gasification clean energy utilization project.

Safety measures
(1) Strengthen organizational leadership. All local development and reform, agriculture, and energy departments work closely in accordance with their functions, closely cooperate, give full play to the role of integrated straw utilization and coordination mechanism, and jointly study and determine the implementation counties with high enthusiasm and compliance with relevant conditions. The determined implementation of the county people's government, in conjunction with local resource endowments, energy needs, etc., actively prepared the "implementation plan for the straw gasification clean energy utilization project" (hereinafter referred to as the "implementation plan"). Do a good job in overall planning, organization and coordination, conscientiously organize and implement, achieve leadership in place, responsibilities to people, clear objectives, and focus on the main objectives and key tasks of the "Implementation Plan", according to the annual decomposition, establish an assessment system, strengthen target assessment.
(2) Increase support. The National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Agriculture, and the National Energy Administration will strengthen overall coordination, demonstration and guidance, increase support, and promote the construction of straw gasification clean energy utilization projects. The Ministry of Agriculture set up an expert committee to provide technical guidance for the implementation of straw gasification and clean energy utilization projects, and regularly organize experts to conduct follow-up assessments on the implementation of county construction; the National Energy Administration coordinates the relevant provincial (district, municipal) energy authorities to do straw gasification power generation. In order to access the power grid and other work, in accordance with the Renewable Energy Law and related regulations, the grid enterprises will fully purchase the grid-connected gasification power generation grid. Relevant departments at the provincial level strengthen supervision and inspection of the implementation of the county to ensure that the implementation of the county meets the expected goals. The relevant departments of the county shall actively strive for the preferential policies of clean energy utilization, coal replacement, straw burning and comprehensive utilization for the straw gasification project, provide policy guarantee for the sustainable operation of the project, and further mobilize the enthusiasm of the enterprises to participate.
(3) Grasp the safety production. The management departments at all levels shall implement the safety supervision duties, establish and improve the closed-loop management mechanism for the investigation and management of safety hazards, strengthen the supervision and inspection of the safety hazards of the straw gasification clean utilization project, and regularly organize supervision and inspection. Supervise and urge enterprises to formulate emergency plans, implement responsibility for safety production, clarify job responsibilities, refine operational procedures, strengthen education management and user publicity training for employees, and consciously investigate and manage potential safety hazards to ensure production safety.
(4) Summarize and promote the application. All provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) shall timely summarize the progress of the construction of straw gasification clean energy utilization projects, form an annual report, and submit them to the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Agriculture and other relevant departments, sum up successful experiences in a timely manner, and establish advanced models in the country. Promote and promote the scope, use technology to guide the masses, use the demonstration to drive the masses, use the benefits to attract the masses, and gradually improve the understanding of the whole society on the straw gasification clean energy utilization project.

National Development and Reform Commission Office
Ministry of Agriculture Office
National Energy Administration Office
December 28, 2017
 
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